While we are in the middle of the endgame strategy to end polio, wild polio virus cases are still occurring in the border area between Afghanistan and Pakistan. We pass along weekly updates from the Global Polio Eradication Initiative on this site, click Read more... below.
Polio this week as of 8 January 2019
 
 
 
Headlines
  • During the four-day visit to polio endemic countries of Afghanistan and Pakistan, WHO Director General, Dr Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, reiterated WHO’s commitment to help endemic, outbreak and at-risk countries rid of poliovirus.
  • In Mozambique, a circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus type 2 (cVDPV2) outbreak is confirmed.  See ‘Mozambique’ section below for more details.
  • Summary of new viruses this week: Afghanistan – two WPV1-positive environmental samples; Pakistan – nine WPV1-positive environmental samples; Mozambique- one new case of cVDPV2.
  Afghanistan: 
  • No wild poliovirus type 1 (WPV1) cases were reported in the past week.  The total number of WPV1 cases in 2018 was 21.
  • Two WPV1-positive environmental samples were reported this week from Lashkargah district, Hilmand province. The samples were collected on 6 December 2018.
 Pakistan:
  • No cases of wild poliovirus type 1 (WPV1) were reported this week.  The total number of WPV1 cases in 2018 in the country was eight.
  • Nine WPV1-positive environmental samples were reported in the past week: two from Lahore district and two from Rawalpindi district in Punjab province; one from Quetta district and one from Killa Abdullah district in Balochistan province; one from Orangi and one from Gadap in Karachi district, Sindh province; one from Peshawar district in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province. Samples were collected from 11-15 December 2018.
  Nigeria:
  • No new circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus type 2 (cVDPV2) cases were reported this week. The total number of cVDPV2 cases in 2018 was 33.
  • No cases of wild poliovirus type 1 (WPV1) were reported. The most recently-detected WPV1 case, from Borno state, had onset of paralysis on 21 August 2016.
  • The country continues to be affected by two separate cVDPV2 outbreaks, the first centered in Jigawa state with subsequent spread to other states as well as to neighbouring Republic of Niger, and the second in Sokoto state.